2.4 VAR FLOODS

                  History of flooding

    3 high profile flooding events within the last 20 years are talked about within literature; 1994 (3680 m3/s), 2011 (1330 m3/s), 2016 (1280 m3/s). We focus our studies on the flood of 1994 where 70 people were estimated to be killed, with large scale infrastructure damage and economical losses from the closure of the airport. The economic damage is estimated at 550 – 800 million Euros.

                  Chronology of the main floods recorded from 1906 to of the Var River


                  Gauging stations

To measure the two heights of the river valley, 2 gaugings stations are rescued.



Station: Manda bridge

   - Coordinates Lambert 93: X=1038401 m, Y=6305217m
   - City: Carros
   - Commissioning: 01/01/1975 12:00
   - Type: station on a scale
   - Status: station with hydrological significance
   - Influenced mode: Not or weakly
   - Altitude: 60 m

The Manda station was destroyed during the flood of 1994.























Station: Bridge Napoleon III
 
 - Coordinates Lambert 93: X=1038692m,Y=6294108m
   - City: Nice
   - Commissioning: 01/01/1986 12:00
   - Type: station on a scale
   - Status: station with hydrological significance
   - Influenced mode: Not or weakly
   - Altitude: 3 m
  

The Napoleon station was completely submerged in 1994. We have no data on this flood

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